Pvt. Joseph A. Chapman
Co. E. 1st Alabama Cavalry
Joseph A. chapman was born on January 18, 1833 in Hall Co, Georgia. Before and after the Civil War, he engaged in farming.
He enlisted in the Union Army on March 1, 1863 at Glendale, MS for one year. Pvt. Chapman was mustered in at Corinth, MO and served with the 1st Alabama Cavalry, Company E. this was the only alabama Cavalry unit that fought on the side of the North. He mustered out as a private on detachment and honorably discharged March 3, 1864 at Memphis, Tennessee.
An affidavit from his pension record states that in the latter part of the fall of 1863, he was taken sick and was sent away from the regiment to a hospital in Memphis, TN, and never returned to said regiment for duty after that. The Declaration for Original Invalid Pension states that in the line of his duty at Camp David, Mississippi, on or about the 15th day of November, 1863, he was taken with disease of the liver. He was treated at the regimental hospital at Camp Davis and at the General Hospital in Memphis, TN, from the 15th of November, 1863 until the 17th of February, 1864.
This regiment was organized at Huntsville, Alabama and Memphis, Tennessee, October, 1862. Attached to Cavalry Brigade, District of Corinth, 16th Army Corps., Dept. of Tennessee, January to March 1863. Cavalry Brigade, District of Corinth, 2nd Div., 16th Army Corps to June 1863.
Duty in District of Corinth, Mississippi, until June, 1863. Action at Cherokee Station, Alabama, December 12, 1862. Chewalla, TN, January 20, 1863. Tuscumbia, AL, February 22nd. Bear Creek March 3, Dodge's Expedition to North Alabama April 15-May 8. Expedition to Tupelo, MO May 2-8. Operations on Memphis and Charleston R. R. Nov. 3-5. Camp Davis, MS November 22 (Detachment). Operations on Memphis & Charleston R. R. against Lee's attack, Nov. 28-Dec. 10, 1863. Expedition toward Tuscumbia, AL, Dec. 9-24. Expedition from Memphis to Wyatt's, MS, Feb. 6-18, 1864 (Detachment). Coldwater Ferry Feb. 13. Operations against Forrest in West Tennessee and Kentucky, Feb 16- April 14.
After the war, Joseph married Celia A. Gossett on November 3, 1864 in Marion County, IL. He had previously been married in 1850 to Malina Bennett and she died in January of 1864 -- they had 5 children. Joseph and Celia were blessed with 7 children. Most of the children were born in Jefferson County, Illinois.
Joseph Chapman died on July 14, 1887 in Dix, Jefferson County, Illinois and is buried at Ebenezer Cemetery, Jefferson County.
Celia Chapman received a widow's pension of $12 until her death in 1911.