Corp. Jefferson Wright Groshong
Co. E - 49th Regiment Missouri Infantry Volunteers
Jefferson Wright Groshong was born in Missouri on 3 August 1839, the fourth child of Jacob de Clement and Eliza Jane Nichols Groshong. He was born near Moscow Mills not far from where his grandfather settled in December of 1800.
On 8 August 1864, Jefferson Wright enlisted in Company E, 49th Regiment Missouri Infantry at Troy, Missouri. Along with other Lincoln County volunteers he saw duty in Northern Missouri on the line of the Northern Missouri Railroad. On 31 December 1864 he was promoted to rank of corporal, just prior to his regiment's move to St. Louis, Missouri and in January 1865 to New Orleans, Louisiana. From March 17- April 12, 1865 his unit joined Union forces against Mobile, Alabama and its defenses. From 27 March to April 9th, Company E participated in the siege and capture of Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely, Alabama. At Spanish Fort, Union losses were 52 killed, 575 wounded, and 30 missing. Jefferson Wright was slightly wounded on 29 March in a skirmish leading to the capture of the Spanish Fort. The Missouri regiment occupied Mobile on 12 April of that year. On April 13th, the 49th Infantry marched to Montgomery and was on duty there until 14 July. Company E was then ordered to St. Louis, Missouri and mustered out on 2 August 1865 at Benton Barracks, Missouri.
Back in Lincoln County, Jefferson Wright married Nancy Jane Callaway on 18 February 1866. Their first child was born on 7 December 1866, and my grandmother Florence Lindsey was born 3 March 1874. Jefferson Wright farmed to support his growing family and in 1883 the family moved to Wright City. There at the age of 78 years, six months, and 21 days, Jefferson Wright died. He is buried in the Wright City Cemetery beside his wife Nancy Jane and four of their children. His headstone records his military service, Company E, 49th Regiment.
Nancy Jane applied for widow's pension for support of herself and daughter Margaret. Nancy Jane was suffering from terminal cancer and died 14 November 1921.
Information obtained from Jefferson's pension papers, 961990 and Dyer, Frederick H., A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, Volume I & II, published by Thomas Yoseloff.