Co. H - 15th Regiment Kane Co. Illinois Cavalry
Near the start of the War Between the States, on August 7, 1861, Ebenezer Couch Litherland enlisted to serve in the Union Army for 3 years at Geneva, Illinois, and was enrolled August 14th at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri.
On August 24th of that year, Eben joined with the Kane County Cavalry, which quickly became the 15th Illinois Regiment under General William Tecumseh Sherman in the Army of the Tennessee. Serving in Co. H as a corporal, he was later promoted to lieutenant. When the 15th Regiment consolidated with other units into the 10th Illinois Cavalry, Litherland was mustered out. By that time , the Army had reorganized and the 15th was a part of the Department of Arkansas. Litherland did not go home to Friendsville, Illinois; however, he continued to serve as staff officer and acting aide-de-camp to Colonel J.R. West and others. He served a total of four years and received his honorable discharge on January 26, 1865.
The muster and descriptive rolls of Co. H, 15th Illinois Cavalry, show that Eben Litherland was 5'9" tall, with dark hair, blue eyes and a dark complexion. At the time, he was single and his occupation was listed as "teacher."
The son of Matthew Litherland and Diantha Couch, Eben came by his desire to serve his country honestly. His father Matthew's military history was a distinguished one, having served during the Black Hawk War as a sergeant in the 2nd Regiment of the 2nd Brigade Illinois Volunteer Mounted Infantry from May 15, 1832 to August 15, 1832, under Major Isaac Parmenter, Adjutant. His tombstone at Friendsville Cemetery is appropriately marked as " M. Litherland Sgt., 2 Ill. Mtd. Inf., Black Hawk War.
Not long after the close of the Civil War, in March of 1865, Eben married Miss Susan Melissa Blood in Mt. Carmel, Illinois, and together they had nine children. The only boy born to them died in infancy of cholera. His beloved Susan died in June 1893, only weeks after the birth of their last daughter, Anna May, who also died shortly thereafter. Of their remaining daughters, Frances (Fannie), Harriet (Hattie), Catherine (Kate) and Pearl eventually became members of the Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War 1861-1865, Julia Dent Grant Tent #16.
Eben's post-Civil War life was a difficult one in terms of his health and financial status. His Civil War Pension Application file is extensive, showing that after he relocated to St. Louis, which it is estimated was about 1885, he worked in a lumberyard, where he suffered an accident that broke his collarbone. He became foreman of the lumberyard sometime before his death in 1900. At that time, the guardianship of his two youngest surviving children, Susan Adelia and Pearl, went to William J. and Helen Litherland Roberts, as well as to Thomas and Fannie Litherland Stead.
From an unknown newspaper in Wabash County, Illinois, dated around April 5, 1900, a memorial states:
" The Wabash County friends of Lieutenant Eben C. Litherland will regret to learn of his death. He died at the home of his daughter in St. Louis Saturday, March 24. His age was 64 years, 11 months and 13 days. The deceased was a resident of Wabash County for many years, removing from Mt. Carmel to Grayville two or three years after the close of the Civil War. He had been a schoolteacher in this vicinity but afterwards went into business, first in Grayville and afterward in Decatur, where he met with financial reverses. His wife was Miss Melissa Blood of Lancaster precinct. She died some years ago. During the War between the States Mr. Litherland served his country faithfully as a lieutenant in an Illinois cavalry regiment. He was a man of kindly disposition and generous impulses." He died 24 March 1900, and is buried with his wife Susan Melissa and three of his daughters, Hattie, Fannie, and Kate in Friedens Cemetery, St. Louis.
Resubmitted with updates (first submission found in Book II) on behalf of Charter Members and member by: Phyllis B. Stice - Great-great-granddaughter
Mrs. Frances (Fannie) Stead – Daughter (Charter Member)
Mrs. Harriet (Hattie) A. Green - Daughter (Charter Member)
Mrs. Catherine (Kate) E. Quehl – Daughter (Charter Member)
And Member: Mrs. Pearl Yourtee - Daughter