Pvt. Peter Marshall

Company F - 39th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry

Peter Marshall was born in Dublin, Ireland about 1803/1804.  Peter married Jane Bell in Ireland and, along with their baby daughter, arrived in the United States around 1835.  Their son, John was born shortly after their arrival in New York.  From New York, they traveled to Illinois where they settled in Will County, built a log cabin and raised a large family.

Ten children were born to Peter and Jane and are as follows: Catherine who married William Peck and remained in Will County; John who married Elizabeth Warner and moved to Crawford County, Kansas; Peter Jr. who married Sophia Roberts; Jane who married George Washington Madison; Mary who married John Henry Gerard; Susan who married Shelby Jackson Sturgeon and Sarah who married a Daey.  Three children Teresa, James and Martin, died as children.

Peter served in the Civil War as a private in Company F, 39th Regiment of the Illinois Volunteer Infantry. The Regiment had decided to bear the name of the Governor of the State and became known as "Yates Phalanx".  Peter mustered into service the 29th of February in 1864 under Captain Reuben S. Botsford.  He listed his age at that time as 44.  He was quite a bit older than that, but there were a number of men on the muster role listing their age as "44".

They were engaged in the battle of Drewry’s Bluff, Virginia on May 16, 1864 in which 119 officers and enlisted men were killed, wounded or missing.  Peter’s son-in-law, William Peck, who was also in Company F, was wounded in battle near Ware Bottom Church, Virginia on June 18, 1864 and wounded again at the battle of Deep Run, Virginia on August 16, 1864.

At the October 13 battle of Deep Run the 39th, under the command of General A. H. Terry, shared in the charge made on the enemy’s works seven miles from Richmond, Virginia.  The regiment went into the fight 250 strong.  At the end, they had lost 60 men.  The fight left the regiment with only three commissioned officers on duty.  Peter received a gunshot wound in the right arm, just above the elbow, during the battle.  He was ordered to a hospital, and treated at Hampton, Virginia for three-to-four weeks before being sent home on furlough.  After recuperating, Peter returned to service and was mustered out with his regiment at the end of the war. 

In 1870, Peter and his children made the move to Centralia, Boone County, Missouri where he remained until his death on December 27, 1892.  Most of his descendants remain in that area. 

Submitted by: Mrs. Nancy J. Todd - Great-great-granddaughter