Pvt. John Henry Poppenhouse  (Papenhauser)

Co. H – 123rd Regiment Indiana

Henry, born October 23, 1831 in Germany, was the son of Herman and Sophia Poppenhouse. His parents and siblings, Herman, Gerald Helena, Peter Anna and Wilhemina immigrated to America, July 1847 and settled in Indiana.


Henry married Adelheit Selke in Springfield, Illinois, June 16, 1856. Adelheit, born December 11, 1837 in Frankfort, Germany, the daughter of Cordt Selke and the late Gesche Marie Fischer. Adelheit's mother and newborn sister, Gesche Marie, had died in Germany in 1843. Her father, Cordt remarried and brought his family to America on the Martha Washington, in 1845, settling in Indiana.

Henry and Adelheit's first son, Henry, was born in Illinois. The Poppenhouses moved to Lawrenceburg, Indiana where second son, Frank, was born. There, Henry enlisted as a Private in Company H, 123rd Regiment on February 26, 1864.  His records show he had a light complexion, blue eyes, light hair, and lived in Manchester Township, Dearborn County, Indiana.  Henry mustered out of the Union Army in Lexington, North Carolina, August 25, 1865. 

Adelheit and Henry Poppenhouse moved to a farm in Owensville, Missouri after the Civil War.  Mary Helene was born 1866, and Anna was born April 7, 1868. Peter was born in 1872 and Lewis was born in 1873.

Apparently, a friendship from Indiana prevailed and the Poppenhouses would travel to Butler near Litchfield, Illinois to visit George and Barbra Howell Neldon. (see Neldons located elsewhere in this book)

Four-year old Lewis died in Butler, Illinois, in 1877. On April 28, 1878, Adelheit gave birth to a son, naming him Lewis after the son they had lost.  John Phillip was born in 1882. A daughter Lizzie Garret died in infancy.

Annie Poppenhouse married Zachery Neldon, the son of George and Barbra Neldon on August 22, 1894 in Gasconade County. Lewis, Anna's brother accompanied the Neldons to Illinois, helping to herd a small head of cattle. Lewis married Zachery's niece Mary Ellen, daughter of Cleveland and Mary Catherine Neldon Bogue.

Henry Poppenhouse was a charter member of Saint Peter's Evangelical Church.  He received a disability pension from rheumatism. He died October 8, 1907, and was buried at the Evangelical Cemetery in Owensville, Gasconade County, Missouri as were his brothers, Gerard and Peter, and sister Wilhemina. Adelheit died May 13, 1927 and is buried next to Henry.  Sons, Peter, Frank and John are buried nearby. 

123rd Regiment Infantry Indiana

Organized at Greensburg, Terre Haute and Indianapolis, Ind., December 25, 1863, to March 7, 1864. Left State for Nashville, Tenn., March 18, 1864. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps, Army of the Ohio, to June, 1864. 4th Brigade, 3rd Division, 23rd Army Corps, to August, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 23rd Army Corps, to December, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps, Army of the Ohio, to February, 1865, and Dept. of North Carolina to August, 1865.

SERVICE--March to Charleston, Tenn., April 7-24, 1864. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 1 to September 8. Demonstrations on Dalton, Ga., May 8-13. Rocky Face Ridge May 8-11. Battle of Resaca May 14-15. Movements on Dallas May 18-25. Operations on Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Lost Mountain June 15-17. Muddy Creek June 17. Noyes Creek June 19. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Ruff's Mills July 3-4. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Utoy Creek August 5-7. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Operations against Hood in North Georgia and North Alabama September 29-November 3. Nashville Campaign November-December. In front of Columbia November 24-27. Battle of Franklin November 30. Battle of Nashville December 15-16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28. At Clifton, Tenn., till January 15, 1865. Movement to Washington, D.C.; thence to Morehead City, N. C., January 15-February 24. Campaign of the Carolinas March 1-April 26. Advance on Kinston and Goldsboro March 1-21. Battle of Wise's Forks March 6-8. Kinston March 14. Occupation of Goldsboro March 21. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. Duty at Charlotte and Raleigh, N. C., till August. Mustered out August 25, 1865.

 Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 47 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 131 Enlisted men by disease. Total 183.